Northumberlandia

The facts and figures about Northumberlandia are endless.  It  is ‘a unique piece of public art’ … ‘set in a 46 acre  park with free public access and 4 miles of footpaths’ on and around the Lady of the North, ‘a stunning human landform sculpture’ of a reclining woman.  It took 7  years to plan and 2 more  to construct, involving over 10,000 man hours. The Lady is apparently  ‘the largest landscape replica of the human body ever seen in the world’…indeed the ‘largest ever piece of landform art’. Rising up to 112 ft (34m) above the surrounding land and  1,300ft (400m) long, she is made up of 1.5 million tonnes of rock, clay and soil.  The lakes on the site cover the same area as 10 Olympic-sized swimming pools.The Lady is expected to attract 200,000 visitors a year….etc etc etc.  As I said the facts and figures are endless.

There are two ways of finding out what Northumberlandia is really like. But unless you’re planning a trip to Northumberland to experience it first hand- and btw that is definitely worth it – you’re just left with just one option  – reading about it and looking at the huge range of photos and videos of it online…

so why not start doing that here?

Plan of the Site from http://www.northumberlandia.com

Plan of the Site from http://www.northumberlandia.com

I’d seen accounts in the press but all the facts and figures  in the world do not get you close to the reality.  I visited as part of the programme for the Garden History Society and Association of Gardens Trusts joint conference, and the the coaches unloaded us in a car park on the edge of a wood.[bottom right on the plan above] As we emerged from the shade of the trees on the other side, in front of the twin viewing mounds, one could see the looks of amazement all over people’s faces.  None of us had known quite what to expect & from the side of the wood we still  weren’t quite sure what it was –  but it was certainly different and it was certainly big!

Setting Off.. David Marsh, July 2015

Setting Off..
David Marsh, July 2015

Within a couple of minutes the 70 or 80 delegates had done one of two things. Some stopped to read the information boards to find out more about what they were seeing and going to see, while others just set off at different paces and in different directions down some of those 4 miles of footpaths to find out for themselves.  Both made the right choice! Later, it was great fun to watch so many people enjoying themselves clambering about, trying to identify the various bits of the Lady’s anatomy,  watching the birds or the activity around the pit or just sitting in the sunshine taking it all in.

The project first saw the light in 2004 when Blagdon Estate, the landowners, and the Banks Group, operators of the  huge  nearby Shotton opencast mine, which can be seen from one side of the site, wanted permission to expand their mining operation onto adjacent farmland and dig out both coal and brick clay.

They knew they would face immense opposition  because of the damage to the countryside and the impact on tourism, despite the demand for the raw materials and jobs the expansion would create.  To counter it they decided to offer an incentive.

David Marsh July 2015

David Marsh July 2015

Charles Jencks with a model of the sculpture he is to draw into the land near the Blagdon Estate. http://www.dailymail.co.uk

Charles Jencks with his model of the Lady of the North. http://www.dailymail.co.uk

Planning gain is nothing unusual from developers wanting to placate their opponents and especially to provide an incentives for the support of local planners and politicians, but this was to be more than mere planning gain.

Banks and Blagdon commissioned Charles Jencks, probably the best known landform sculptor in the world, and asked him to design something that would not just enhance the lives of the local community but be an enduring legacy for  the local economy.

Mark Dowdall, environment and communities director of The Banks Group, said it was hoped the sculpture would attract an additional 200,000 visitors a year to the area: “and be a wonderful place for local people to visit as well as providing a boost to the regional economy.”

David Marsh, July 2015

David Marsh, July 2015

Blagdon donated the site, adjacent to the existing mine, and in a process known as  ‘restoration first’,  the consortium worked with Jencks to create the park before the pit expansion began.  They also met the  full £3 million cost.   Blagdon is the family estate of Viscount Ridley, who said the idea for the sculpture came from a desire to be innovative. “People have rightly asked why we are doing this. We could have submitted an application to simply restore the land back to agriculture, but we wanted to do something different…. We are making a work of art with a bulldozer, rather than a paintbrush.” [Reuters, 16th June 2011]

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Standing on the Ldy’s head and looking down her body David Marsh, July 2015

Jencks took his inspiration from the view of the distant Cheviot Hills, which are pulled into the foreground by the curves and shapes of Northumberlandia.  “This is very much like alchemy; turning coal into energy and landscape into art.”It offers us the opportunity to create art from the necessity of extracting coal.” [Reuters, 16th June 2011]

There were claims that of course for Blagdon & Banks this was a clever way of avoiding the much heavier costs of clearing the debris and  restoring the site afterwards, and it may of course be true.

As the Heritage Journal stated baldly: “There are few organisations as cynical in their attitude towards the public as open cast mining companies. Have you noticed how they always say what they are doing is almost entirely for the benefit of the local population and hardly for their own benefit at all? ”

The rest of the article was equally cynical so if you want to hear an alterantive view of the project then have a look at:

https://heritageaction.wordpress.com/2011/07/24/northumberlandia-the-worlds-largest-human-figure-or-the-slag-of-the-north/

But sitting on the coach back to Newcastle I didn’t hear any comments that weren’t  positive.  Most people seemed to think that, whatever ones views about the politics behind the incentive,  Northumberlandia itself is nothing short of spectacular.

 

Daily Mail.com

Daily Mail.com

Work began in 2010 with rock and clay  from Shotton  being laid down in strata following the contoured pattern designed by Jencks. There is a rock core which has been covered with three layers of  20cm thick clay and then finally a 10cm covering of topsoil.

When this was completed  the landform was blasted with “hydro seed”, a mix of grass seed and fertilizer  sprayed under pressure which sticks to the soil.

As the grass seed germinated  so the rock shape slowly transformed into a green living landscape. The face, paths, features on the hip, knee and ankles, and the viewing platforms were then constructed with a hard stone surface all of which also came from Shotton.

A drainage system has also been installed on the landform to help prevent erosion and this feeds water into the adjacent lakes.

Jencks, who began his designs in 2005, admitted the artwork was ‘much bigger that I ever thought.’

 

So who is the lady? The Banks Group has said that “there was no intention to make a Pagan figure or mimic any ancient fertility symbols, despite her breasts, which rise almost 100ft above the ground….Northumberlandia is just a lady, she doesn’t represent anything but I think it is understandable that people have their own interpretations.’

northumberlandia 300

 

Jencks also points out that she is not modelled on any real person but is a collection of metaphors. And he is certainly not bothered by a spot of irreverence.

A good thing really because  The Daily Mail reported in 2011 that: “Geordies have produced a few alternatives. The mysterious lady is already, variously, known as Slag Alice, Fat Slag (after a character in the Geordie comic Viz), Big Bird and the Goddess Of The North. There will be many more but, as Jencks said,    ‘It’s a mark of any icon that it should be open to iconoclasm ‘If it didn’t stir the horses, it wouldn’t be iconic.’

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2004063/How-Charles-Jencks-turning-wasteland-Northumberlandia.html#ixzz3iUtShMlH

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It was officially opened by the Princess Royal on 29 August 2012  and there is a video of the ceremony at: http://www.banksgroup.co.uk/northumberlandia-landform/royal-opening-/

© Copyright Andrew Curtis and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

© Copyright Andrew Curtis and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

The landscape is now the responsibility of the Land Trust, which currently has ownership of around 2000 hectares of land around the country. Day to day running of the site is in the hands of Northumberland Wildlife Trust   More of the opencast mine will eventually be brought into the restored landscape when Shotton is worked out around 2018.

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The viewing mounds by the entrance David marsh, July 2015

Rather than become a highly manicured landscape the park and sculpture is going to be  allowed to develop naturally with minimal interference,  so it will  mature over  over time and change with the seasons.  I’d love to see it under snow!

Screen shot from the Wildlife Trust video on youtube

Screen shot from the Wildlife Trust video on youtube

There’s a short video by the Trust narrated by Christine Walkden on YouTube which explains the management regime [and of course there are dozens of other video clips there about the site as well if you get enthusiastic and want to know even more….

at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lu26us647eU

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David Marsh, July 2015

You can find more facts and figures about Northumberlandia, as well as lots of stunning images including some 360 panoramas at the official website:

http://www.northumberlandia.com

 

and yet more photos, including more panoramas, at Google Earth:

https://www.google.co.uk/maps/@55.0889534,-1.6288626,3a,75y,231.34h,90.34t/data=!3m7!1e1!3m5!1suftCTxGe95kAAAQqZfzmDg!2e0!3e2!7i13312!8i6656

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Parks & Gardens UK is the leading on-line resource for historic parks and gardens providing freely accessible, accurate and inspiring information on UK parks, gardens and designed landscapes. Email - info@parksandgardens.org. Website - www.parksandgardens.org
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